Dextrose Monohydrate


Dextrose Monohydrate is a monomerin starch chain and is moderate in sweetness. Dextrose monohydrate is a common natural sugar involved in processes such as energy production, glycosylation, and formation of glycans that provide structure to cells. DMH is freely soluble in water at room temperature and also in boiling alcohol. The perceived sweetness can be increased to the level of sucrose in some Dextrose/Sucrose blends. Dextrose has a greater depression of freezing point than that of cane sugar, resulting in a smoother and creamier texture of the final product like in frozen food products. Monohydrate is a purified and crystallized D-glucose. It contains one molecule of water of crystallization. It exists in white, odorless, crystalline granules having a bland and sweet taste.


  • For bakery products it supply fermentable carbohydrates, on which the yeast may grow and provide CO2 for ‘raising’ the product. Its presence also assists in browning of the crust to give a final product that is pleasing in appearance and aroma.
  • It can partially replace sucrose in fondants and cream fillings where fine crystals are required for a smooth texture.
  • It has a high fermenting ability and can be added to low-calorie beer for the complete fermentation of alcohol. No carbohydrate residue remains to increase the calories in the beverages.
  • It has controlling sweetness and preserving properties.
  • It is used extensively for sweetening and coating, chewing gum and bubble gum. DMH contributes to the tenderness; whip ability, and sweetness in marshmallow and nougat applications.
  • It helps in controlling ice crystals and body of frozen dairy products.
  • For adhesives it provides flow control and helps prevent wrapping of the pieces upon drying.
  • It act as a plasticizer in various resin formulations.
  • It can serve as feedstock for chemical or microbiological oxidation to gluconic acid.
  • It is used in wallboard as a humectant to control water release and to prevent brittle edges during drying, as setting retardants in concrete.
  • The Reducing Properties of dextrose are used in metal treatment, recovery, dye applications, leather manufacture in chrome tanning, etc.


Physical Description White crystalline powder odourless and sweet in taste
Moisture at 105° C 7.5 to 9.5%
Sulphated Ash 0.1% Max
Acidity for 5gms (Max) 0.125 ml of 0.1 N NaOH
SO2 ppm (Max) 70
Specific rotation 10% w/v at 25° C + 52.5° to 53°
Arsenic ppm (Max) 1.0
Copper ppm (Max) 2.0
Lead ppm (Max) 0.5
Heavy metals ppm (Max) 5
Chlorides and sulphate Passed the test
Dextrins and less soluble sugars Passed the test
Bulk density 0.65 to 0.70